ืคืจืกื•ื ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™

ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืงืžืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื‘ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง, ืื™ื ืกื˜ื’ืจื ื•ื‘ื’ื•ื’ืœ

ืคืจืกื•ื ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœื™

ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง ื•ืคืจืกื•ื ืขืกืงื™ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืช ืขืžื•ื“ ืขืกืงื™ ื‘ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง ื”ื ืกื•ื’ ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ื”ืžืžื•ืงื“ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืงื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื•ื ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื•ื‘ื›ืœืœ, ืžืื—ืจ ืฉื ื™ืชืŸ ืœืคืœื— ื›ืœ ืžื•ื“ืขื” ื•ืคืจืกื•ื ื‘ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง ืœืžืฉืชืžืฉื™ื ื”ืžืชืื™ืžื™ื, ืœืคื™ ื”ื ืชื•ื ื™ื ืฉื”ื–ื™ื ื• ืขืœ ืขืฆืžื ื‘ืขืช ื”ื”ืจืฉืžื” ื”ืจืืฉื•ื ื™ืช ืœืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง ื•ื‘ืžื”ืœืš ื”ืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื”ืงื‘ื•ืข ืฉืœื”ื ื‘ืจืฉืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช.

ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืืชืจื™ื

ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ, ืืชืจื™ ื•ื•ืจื“ืคืจืก ื•ืชื“ืžื™ืช

ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ืขืกืงื™ื ื•ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช

ื›ืœ ื”ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื›ื•ืœืœ ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืืชืจ, ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืงื•ื“ ืืชืจ ื•ืœืื—ืจ ืžื›ืŸ ื”ืงืžืช ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืชืงื™ืŸ. ืืš ื’ื ืœืื—ืจ ืกื™ื•ื ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืืชืจ ื™ืฉื ืŸ ืคืขื•ืœื•ืช ืชื—ื–ื•ืง ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉื”ื™ื ืŸ ื—ื•ื‘ื” ืœื›ืœ ื‘ืขืœ ืืชืจ. ืขืฆื ื”ืขื•ื‘ื“ื” ืฉื”ืงืžืชื ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืื™ื ื” ืžืกืคื™ืงื”. ืœืื—ืจ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืชื• ื™ืฉ ืœืงื“ื ืื•ืชื• ื•ืขืœ ื›ืš ื”ื•ื ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœื”ื™ื•ืช ื™ื“ื™ื“ื•ืชื™ ืœืžื ื•ืขื™ ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ ื•ื‘ืขืœ ืงื•ื“ ืชืงื™ืŸ.

ื‘ืจื•ื›ื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื ืœืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“

ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ืขืกืงื™ื

ืฉืงื“ ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ื•ืกื˜ื•ื“ื™ื• ืœืžื™ืชื•ื’ ืžืชืžื—ื” ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ืขืกืงื™ื ื•ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื, ื”ื›ื•ืœืœื™ื ื—ื‘ื™ืœื” ืžืœืื” ืฉืœ ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืืกื˜ืจื˜ื’ื™ื™ืช ืžื•ืชื’, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืœื•ื’ื• ื•ื ื™ืกื•ื— ืกืœื•ื’ืŸ, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื›ืจื˜ื™ืกื™ ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ, ื ื™ื™ืจ ืžื›ืชื‘ื™ื ื•ืžืขื˜ืคื•ืช, ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ื•ื”ืงืžืช ืขืžื•ื“ ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืง ืžืขื•ืฆื‘. ืœืงื‘ืœืช ืžื•ืฆืจ ืฉืœื ื•ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ ืœื›ืœ ื—ื‘ืจื”, ืขืกืง ืื• ืžื•ืฆืจ. ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ื™ื•ืฆืจ ืืช ื”ืžื•ื ื™ื˜ื™ืŸ ืฉืœ ื”ืžื•ืฆืจื™ื ืื• ื”ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ื ืฉืžืขื ื™ืง ื”ืขืกืง ืฉืœืš. ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ื˜ื•ื‘ ื•ื ื›ื•ืŸ ื™ื‘ื“ืœ ืื•ืชืš ืžืฉืืจ ื”ืžืชื—ืจื™ื ืฉืœืš.

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“…

ืคืจืกื•ื

ื‘ืขื™ื“ืŸ ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ ืฉืœ ื”ื™ื•ื, ืขืกืงื™ื ืฉืื™ื ืย ืžืคื•ืจืกืžื™ื ื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ย โ€“ ื ื—ืฉื‘ื™ื ื›ืœื ืงื™ื™ืžื™ื. ืœื›ืŸ, ื›ืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืขืกืง, ืžื›ืœ ืชื—ื•ื, ื—ื™ื™ื‘ ืœืฉื•ื•ืง ื•ืœืคืจืกื ืืช ืขืฆืžื•.
ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ ืžืชืžื—ื” ื‘ืžืชืŸ ืฉื™ืจื•ืชื™ ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง,ย ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ื•ืคืจืกื•ืย ืœืขืกืงื™ื ื•ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช, ื‘ื”ืชืืžื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช ืžืชื•ืš ื”ื‘ื ืช ืฆืจื›ื™ ื”ืœืงื•ื—, ืื•ืคื™ื• ื•ื”ืžืืคื™ื™ื ื™ื ื”ื™ื™ื—ื•ื“ื™ื™ื ืœื•. ืžืฉืจื“ื ื• ื™ื•ื“ืข ื•ืžืฆืœื™ื—ย  ืœื ื•ื•ื˜ ื”ื™ื˜ื‘ ื‘ืขื•ืœืย ื”ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœย ื•ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜, ืœืคืจืกื ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืืช ื”ืขืกืง ืฉืœืš ื•ืขื“ื™ื™ืŸ ืœื”ื™ืฉืืจ ื‘ื’ื‘ื•ืœื•ืช ื’ื–ืจืช ืชืงืฆื™ื‘ ื”ืคืจืกื•ื.

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“…

ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืืชืจื™ื

ืžื™ื•ื ืœื™ื•ื ื”ืขื•ืœื ื›ื•ืœื• ืขื•ื‘ืจ ืœืฉื™ืžื•ืฉ ื‘ืจืฉืช ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜.ย ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ย ืžื”ื•ื•ื” ื›ืจื˜ื™ืก ื‘ื™ืงื•ืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ื™. ืขืœย ื”ืืชืจย ืœืฉื•ื•ืง ื•ืœืžื›ื•ืจ ืืช ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืขืกืง ืขืœ ื”ืฆื“ ื”ื˜ื•ื‘ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ.ย ื‘ื ื™ื™ื” ื•ื”ืงืžืช ืืชืจ ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ย ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ ืžืชื‘ืฆืขื•ืช ื‘ืžืกืคืจ ืฉืœื‘ื™ื: ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืชื“ืžื™ืช ื•ืืคื™ื•ืŸ ื”ืืชืจ, ื›ืชื™ื‘ืช ืชื•ื›ืŸ ืฉื™ื•ื•ืงื™,ย ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ื”ืืชืจ, ื”ืขืœืืช ื”ืืชืจ ืœืจืฉืช, ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง ื•ืงื™ื“ื•ื ื”ืืชืจ ื‘ืžื ื•ืขื™ ื—ื™ืคื•ืฉ. ื‘ื›ืœ ืฉืœื‘ ื‘ืชื”ืœื™ืš ื ื“ืจืฉืช ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื” ืขืกืงื™ืช ื•ื™ืฆื™ืจืชื™ืช, ืœืฆื“ ื”ืชืืžื” ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืชย ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ื™ืขื“.ย 

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“…

ืจืฉืชื•ืช ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ื•ืช

ืคืจืกื•ื ื‘ืืžืฆืขื•ืชย ืขืžื•ื“ ืขืกืงื™ ื‘ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืงย ื”ื™ื ื• ืกื•ื’ย ื”ืคืจืกื•ืย ื”ืžืžื•ืงื“ ื‘ื™ื•ืชืจ ื”ืงื™ื™ื ื”ื™ื•ืื‘ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜.
ื‘ืœื ื“ื•ืžื” ืœืคืจืกื•ื ื‘ืคืจื™ื ื˜ ื•ื‘ืขื™ืชื•ืŸ, ืžืกื•ื’ืœย ื”ืคื™ื™ืกื‘ื•ืงย ืœื”ืชืื™ื ื‘ื™ืŸ ื”ืžืกืจ ื”ืฉื™ื•ื•ืงื™ ืœืงื”ืœ ื”ื™ืขื“ ื”ื ื›ื•ืŸ ืœืคื™ ืื–ื•ืจ ืžื’ื•ืจื™ื, ื’ื™ืœ, ืžื™ืŸ ื•ืขื•ื“. ื‘ืคืจืกื•ื ื‘ืžื“ื™ื” ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืช, ื ื™ืชืŸ ืœื ืชื— ื‘ื›ืœ ืจื’ืข ืืช ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ื•ื”ืฉืคืขืชื•.
ืื ื• ืžื–ืžื™ื ื™ื ืื•ืชืš ืœื”ืฆื˜ืจืฃ ืœืžื”ืคื›ืช ื”ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง ื‘ืจืฉืช ื”ื—ื‘ืจืชื™ืชย ื•ืœื”ืฉื™ื’ ื—ืฉื™ืคื” ื—ืกืจืช ืชืงื“ื™ื ืœืขืกืง ืฉืœืš, ืขื›ืฉื™ื• ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ ืžื—ื™ืจ ืื˜ืจืงื˜ื™ื‘ื™ ื‘ืžื™ื•ื—ื“.

ืงืจื ืขื•ื“…

ื”ืžื•ื˜ื• ืฉืœื ื• ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“

ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ื”ืžืฉืจื“

ืื•ื“ื•ืช ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ืคืจืกื•ื ื‘ื”ืชืืžื” ืื™ืฉื™ืช

ื›ื“ืื™ ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ืชื•ืฆืื•ืช ื˜ื•ื‘ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžืจื•ืช ืฉืœ ืžืกืข ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ืื ื™ ื—ื™ื™ื‘ื™ื ืœื—ืขื‘ื•ื“ ืœืคื™ ื“ืจืš ื‘ืจื•ืจื”, ืžื“ื•ื™ืงืช ื•ืืžื™ื ื”, ืจืง ื›ืš ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ ื ืฆืœื™ื— ืœื”ื’ื™ืข ืืœ ื”ื™ืขื“ ืฉื”ืฆื‘ื ื• ืœืขืฆืžื ื• ื‘ืชื—ื™ืœืช ื”ื“ืจืš.

ืื™ืš ื–ื” ืขื•ื‘ื“?

ืœืคื ื™ ื”ื›ืœ, ืื ื• ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื ื™ืชื•ื— ืฉื•ืง ืœืื‘ื—ื•ืŸ ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ืคืจืกื•ืžื™ื™ื ื•ื”ืชืืžืชื ื”ืžืœืื” ืœื™ืขื“ื™ื ืฉื ืงื‘ืขื• ืขืœ ื™ื“ื™ ื”ืœืงื•ื—, ืœื›ืœ ืกื•ื’, ื’ื•ื“ืœ ื•ื”ื™ืงืฃ ืฉืœ ืคืจืกื•ื โ€“ ืœืœื ืชื•ืกืคืช ืขืœื•ืช ื•ืœืœื ื”ืชื—ื™ื™ื‘ื•ืช. ืืช ืชื”ืœื™ื›ื™ ื”ื’ื“ืจืช ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ื•ื”ืชืืžืช ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื”ืคืจืกื•ื.

ืื ื•ย ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ย ืžื‘ืฆืขื™ื ื‘ืขื–ืจืช ืคื’ื™ืฉืช ื”ื™ื›ืจื•ืช ืขื ื”ืœืงื•ื— ื•ื‘ื™ืช ื”ืขืกืง ื•ื‘ื—ื™ื ื” ืžื“ื•ืงื“ืงืช ืฉืœ ื”ืžื˜ืจื•ืช ื•ื”ื™ืขื“ื™ื ื”ืžื‘ื•ืงืฉื™ื, ื•ื ืขื–ืจื™ื ื‘ื™ื“ืข ืฉื ืฆื‘ืจ ื‘ืžืฉืš ืฉื ื™ื ืจื‘ื•ืช ืฉืœ ื ื™ืกื™ื•ืŸ ื•ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ื•ื”ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง.

ืœื”ืžืฉืš ืงืจื™ืื” ืขืœ ื—ืฉื™ื‘ื•ืช ื”ืชืืžืช ื”ืคืจืกื•ื ืœืœืงื•ื—ย ืœื—ืฅ ื›ืืŸ.

ื”ืฆื•ื•ืช ื•ื”ืžื—ืœืงื•ืช

ื‘ืžืฉืจื“ ืคืจืกื•ื ืฉืงื“ย ืขื•ื‘ื“ ืฆื•ื•ืช ืฉืœ ืื ืฉื™ ืžืงืฆื•ืข ืžื•ืžื—ื™ื ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืคืจืกื•ื, ื‘ืฉืœื•ืฉ ืžื—ืœืงื•ืช ืืฉืจ ืžืกืคืงื•ืช ืžืขื ื” ืœื›ืœืœ ื”ืฆืจื›ื™ื ื”ืฉื™ื•ื•ืงื™ื™ื ืฉืœ ื›ืœ ื‘ื™ืช ืขืกืง.

  • ืžื—ืœืงืช ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘:
    ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื’ืจืคื™, ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื•ืขืกืงื™ื, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ย ืชื“ืžื™ืช, ืฉืคื” ื’ืจืคื™ืช, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืืชืจื™ื, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืชืขืจื•ื›ื•ืช.
  • ืžื—ืœืงืช ื“ื™ื’ื™ื˜ืœ (ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜):
    ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ, ื”ื›ื•ื•ื ื” ื•ืคืชืจื•ื ื•ืช ื‘ืชื—ื•ื ื”ืื™ื ื˜ืจื ื˜ – ืืคื™ื•ืŸ ืืชืจื™ื, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ืืชืจื™ื ื•ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืืชืจื™ื, ื‘ื ื™ื™ืช ืžืขืจื›ื•ืช ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืชื•ื›ืŸ ื•ื ื™ื”ื•ืœ ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช, ื—ื ื•ื™ื•ืช ย ื•ื•ื™ืจื˜ื•ืืœื™ื•ืช ื•ืงื™ื“ื•ื ืืชืจื™ื.
  • ืžื—ืœืงืช ืคืจืกื•ื:
    ื™ื™ืขื•ืฅ ืคืจืกื•ืžื™, ืœื™ื•ื•ื™ ืงืžืคื™ื™ื ื™ื, ื”ื’ื“ืจื•ืช ื™ืขื“ื™ื, ืžื™ืชื•ื’ ื—ื‘ืจื•ืช ื•ืขืกืงื™ื, ืงืจื™ืื™ื™ื˜ื™ื‘, ืงื•ืคื™ืจื™ื™ื˜ื™ื ื’, ืขื™ืฆื•ื‘ ื•ื”ืคืงื•ืช ื“ืคื•ืก.ย 
  • ืžื—ืœืงืช ื™ืขื•ืฅ ื•ืœื™ื•ื•ื™:
    ื™ื•ืขืฆื™ื ื‘ื ื•ืฉืื™ื ื”ื‘ืื™ื – ืฉื™ื•ื•ืง ื ื›ื•ืŸ, ืคืจืกื•ื ื™ืขื™ืœ ื•ืžืงืกื™ืžืืœื™, ื”ืชื“ืžื™ืช ื”ืื™ืฉื™ืช, ื“ืขืช ื”ืงื”ืœ, ืื™ืคื™ื•ืŸ ืืชืจื™ื ื•ืงืžืคื™ื™ื ื™ื.
ืœืงื•ื—ื•ืช ืžืžืœื™ืฆื™ื ืฉืงื“